Hanbok refers to the traditional clothing of Korea. Hanbok was developed over a long period of time by Korean people on the Korean peninsula. Korean people, who are descendents of Mongolians and use a Ural-Altaic language, had characteristics of northern nomadic tribes in their overall lifestyle. Hanbok, the cultural clothing of Korea, was established as a part of the unique living culture of Korea, influenced by the geographical and climatic natures of Korean peninsula, and handed down to present times. Hanbok is also called Korean traditional clothes or folk clothes. Hanbok has the basic structure of jeogori (jacket) and baji (trousers), showing Northern Scythian natures. The style of Hanbok is closer to the style of nomadic tribes in the countries bordering on Western China, who wore jeogori and baji, than that of the agricultural society of China where people wore jeogori and chima (skirt). The origin of Hanbok can be found in a wall painting of an ancient tomb of Goguryeo. Clay Figures from Old Tombs The basic structure of Hanbok is similar to the basic clothing of the northern horse-riding nomadic tribes, and was developed to be suitable for a cold climate and a nomadic life. Jeogori stretches down to the waist, with long and narrow sleeves for both men and women. Koreans wore wide or narrow baji, adjusted their dress with a belt or a leather strap, put jeolpungmo or dugeon over their head, and wore long boots called wha that were made for horse-riding. The clothing culture of Korea was influenced by new clothing cultures through multiple invasions from foreign countries, but its basic structure is well-preserved in its history.
Korean Spirit & Culture Promotion Project is a non-for-profit organization that was formed in September, 2005 to promote Korean history and culture to the wider world. (www.kscpp.net)